Adam Chwila https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4671-4298 , Tomasz Żądło https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0638-0748
ARTICLE

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ABSTRACT

Empirical Best Predictors (EBPs) are widely used for small area estimation purposes. In the case of longitudinal surveys, this class of predictors can be used to predict any given population or subpopulation characteristic for any time period, including future periods. Generally, the value of an EBP is computed by means of Monte Carlo algorithms, while its MSE is usually estimated using the parametric bootstrap method. Model-based simulation studies of the properties of the predictors require numerous repetitions of the random generation of population data. This leads to a question about the dependence between the number of iterations in all the procedures and the stability of the results. The aim of the paper is to show this dependence and to propose methods of choosing the appropriate number of iterations in practice, using a set of real economic longitudinal data available at the United States Census Bureau website.

KEYWORDS

survey sampling, economic longitudinal data, prediction for future periods

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